Learn the best way to give dog commands! To improve your communication with your pup: keep it simple and just say the command without other words preceding it.
Do you speak dog, and just how well does your dog respond to your verbal commands? Will he get his Kong or go to his bed at your command?
Either way, you already know human to dog communication can be tricky, and that’s why expert advice is always welcome.
When providing verbal commands to your dog, it’s important to consider the effective use of your voice. In Woof Report’s past tip, an expert trainer explained how choosing the right pitch could help you communicate more effectively with your dog. And now a recent study offers insight about how other elements of verbal commands can influence a dog’s response. Specifically, how do dogs respond to commands in which their name or other words come before the command?
Keep it Simple
According to Con Slobodchikoff, Ph.D., animal behaviorist and conservation scientist, and part of the team behind dogbehaviorblog.com (a Woof Report favorite), dog owners typically want to say more than just the command. And he’s right. Who is not guilty of repeating a command over and over (“Sit, Sit, Sit”), or tacking on extra words before a command (“Let’s see how you can sit for me, Sit”)?
In a post on dogbehaviorblog.com, Con Slobodchikoff discusses a 2010 research study from Braem and Mills, which sought to test the hypothesis that “verbal information preceding a verbal command” affected a dog’s response to a command. (Factors Affecting Response of Dogs to Obedience Instruction: A Field and Experimental Study. Applied Animal Behavior Science 125, (1-2), 47-55).
Keep it Familiar
To summarize, researchers found that saying an unfamiliar word before a known command or a newly learned command significantly decreased the dog’s performance. In addition, saying the dog’s name before a known command had no effect on the dog’s performance, but saying the dog’s name followed by a newly learned command decreased the dogs’ performance.
The researchers concluded, “responsiveness may be affected by non-informative verbiage preceding important information.” In other words, a dog’s response to a command may decrease when unfamiliar words precede it.
The takeaway to improve your communication with your pup: keep it simple and just say the command without other words preceding it; use your dog’s name before a command only if it’s a command he knows well. With that, your one step closer to speaking dog.
See the blog post about this study from Con Slobodchikoff, Ph.D
See Woof Report’s tip, “Picking a Pitch Your Dog Understands“ from expert trainer Mike Wombacher
For more training tips, check out Woof Report’s Perfect PetiquetteTip Archives
Thank you to chotda on flickr for the photo of Paquita and Alfie.
Originally published November 2010; reviewed and updated November 2016.